Aquamarine has a hardness of 7.5 to 8 on the Moh’s Scale (the Moh’s Scale measures how easily a mineral can be scratched) the same as it’s cousin, the Emerald. Aquamarine has a specific gravity of 2.72. Specific gravity is the ratio of the weight of a gemstone to that of an equal amount of water. Also, much more often than it’s green cousin, the Emerald, Aquamarine is almost entirely free of inclusions. Aquamarine’s blue color comes from traces Iron that found their way into the chemical makeup of the stone as it formed in the earth.
Aquamarine is a stone from the Beryl family. Beryl develops in pegmatites and certain metamorphic rocks. Petmatite veins can be 1 - 3 cm, up to 1 meter in size.
Most Aquamarines come from the pegmatites of Brazil. However, there are other sources where Aquamarine can be found. Aquamarine is also mined in Kenya, Nigeria, Madagascar, Zambia, Tanzania, Sir Lanka, Pakistan, Afghanistan and Russia.
Clean your Aquamarine in ultrasonic jewelry cleaner or with warm, soapy water and a soft bristle brush. Do not clean in a home ultrasonic machine. As with all gemstones, care should be taken to protect it from scratches and sharp blows. Aquamarine often becomes paler if left out in the sun.
Most gemstones have been enhanced to improve their clarity, color, durability, or overall beauty. Aquamarines are usually enhanced for color through extreme heat. All studies show that this is a permanent enhancement. Unless a gemstone is specifically noted as non-enhanced it should be assumed to be enhanced.
Beads of Aquamarine have been found in the tombs of Egyptians. The Egyptian people used them as tribute to the Gods of the Nether World for safe passage of their loved ones.Aquamarine crystals can grow as large as 200 pounds. Some cut gemstones have weighed more than two thousand carats.In the past, bloodstone was considered the birth stone for the month of March. But in 1912, the American national Association of Jewelers adopted Aquamarine as the new birth stone for March. Aquamarine is also the astrological sign of Pisces, Aquarius and Scorpio, and is suggested as the gem to give on a 19th wedding anniversary.
Ancient Romans believed that the Aquamarine was sacred to Neptune, the god of the sea, having fallen from the jewel boxes of sirens and mermaids and then washed onto the shore. Because of this, sailors used to wear talismans of Aquamarine, engraved with the likeness of Neptune, as protection against the dangers at sea. It was said that it kept sailors safe from seasickness and drowning.
The ancient Greeks carried amulets of Aquamarine, engraved with Poseidon on a chariot, to render their sailors fearless and protect them from any adversaries they faced at sea.
In the middle ages, beryl, particularly Aquamarine, was used as an aid to oracles. Some methods included, holding the gem above water with a thread. After a question was asked, the answer was believed to be drawn out in the water. It is also believed that Aquamarine protects its wearer against the will of the devil. If someone wanted to call upon a devil from hell, they would place the stone in their mouth as they asked their question, and the stone would keep them safe.It is also said that if you dream of Aquamarine, you will soon meet a new friend.
It is said that Aquamarine has the ability to clear blocked communication, calm the mind, clarify perception and sharpen the intellect. It helps people to tolerate others, overcome judgmentalism and encourages one to take responsibility for oneself.
It is believed that Aquamarine becomes more powerful when immersed in water that has been “bathed” in the sunlight. It is used to fortify tooth and bone structure, correct problems relating to the eyes, jaw, pituitary, thyroid, swollen glands, throat, regulate hormones and growth and helps the immune system to react to autoimmune diseases such as hay fever. It is also said to cool sunburns and fevers, release anger, negativity and cure hiccups